Early education is a matter of great concern to parents due to its vital importance to the success of the children. Early education means fostering important elements that can help children develop the superiority of both intellectual qualities (especially emotional intelligence) and non-intellectual (character, will, personality, living habits, …). So, what are those methods?
STEAM – Early Education method
STEAM is an abbreviation created by STEM and ART, whereby STEM stands for Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics. STEAM is the creative idea which was originated by the Design University of Rhode Island (US). It has been used by many teachers and then spread all over the United States. These knowledge and skills must be synthesized, integrated and complementary to each other in such a way that students can not only understand but also be able to apply them to practice.
Those students studying in STEM environment have outstanding advantages such as creativity, logical thinking, superior learning and working performance, and the opportunity to develop a more comprehensive set of soft skills. However, it does not create a heavy or overwhelming feeling for students. The most advanced and flexible methods such as topic-based, game-based, and practice-based learning are thoroughly applied to STEM-integrated courses.
MONTESSORI – Learn from the children to know how to teach them properly
Montessori is an early educational method based on the research and experience of the Italian physician and educator Maria Montessori. This method is built based on the motto “to promote the natural development of children, learning to teach children better.” This is completely different from previous educational methods. Montessori method focuses on the “natural” without constraints which makes the children feel comfortable and more interested in what they are doing.
Montessori is based on the principle that the children actively choose their own area of study and pursue own aspirations until they want to switch to another activity. By so doing, they can develop the independence, self-discovery, and self-correction. With this method, adults do not interfere too much in the life of children, especially the imposition of ideas, conceptions, visions to their children. When receiving the knowledge by instinct, the child will be able to naturally and easily absorb new things and then gradually grasp information in a conscious way.
GLENN DOMAN – Parents are the first teachers
According to The Glenn Doman program, parents are the teachers who will guide and follow the children in this learning process. This early educational method helps children have physical, intellectual, emotional development and the ability to overcome adversity, thanks to several lessons about physical activities, language, numeracy, and the surrounding world. Those are the knowledge and items essential for children throughout their future journey. Teachers can refer to and apply this method to make the school a home for the child so that he or she can feel more comfortable while learning.
The Glenn Doman method is based on several principles in which the first and most important principle is that “the parents are the first and best teachers for the child.” Therefore, the key to success is the cooperation of parents as well as teachers. And along with that is the principle of starting as early as possible, provoking the child’s passion, implicitly encouraging, preventing scolding, making life a school without curriculum or order.
REGGIO EMILIA – Curiosity is the key
Reggio Emilia is an approach that engages children in early education where the child’s learning depends on a united combination between parents – child – teacher. Of which, parents’ role is as important as that of the teacher in the development of the child.
Reggio Emilia method originates in Italy, from a city of the same name. It is built on the belief that every child has a great potential which can be developed through the curiosity of the child.
It is the child who will find the solution to his questions by observing, understanding the world around him. Parents or teachers will only be the guide who creates opportunity for children to develop and learn. This is an approach that emphasizes the importance of community education and child inquiry.